Physical, Chemical & Biological Assessments

NPDES Monitoring and Reporting

Lead staff for NPDES projects hold advanced degrees in Fisheries Resources and have extensive experience collecting, managing, and reporting water chemistry data alongside benthic macroinvertebrate and fish community data. In addition, we are comfortable with state, regional, and federal protocols and methodologies for collecting and reporting chemical, physical, and biological data. AIIStar Ecology can meet NPDES permit specific needs in a cost efficient and timely manner.

Mitigation Monitoring and Reporting

AIIStar Ecology staff have experience conducting benthic macroinvertebrate and fish community assessments, physical habitat evaluations, and water chemistry sampling for on-site, off-site, and USACE 404 Permit based mitigation projects. The monitoring and reporting requirements for such projects can be extensive; however, we thrive in these environments meeting time constraints while providing a detailed and thorough product.

Restoration Monitoring and Reporting

In addition to monitoring and reporting for mitigation projects, AIIStar also specializes in evaluating stream (high-gradient and low-gradient) condition for restoration efforts. We have experience in evaluating and crediting ephemeral, intermittent, and perennial reaches of stream throughout the region, utilizing various indices and valuation tools. Our experienced staff can properly evaluate stream reaches and provide accurate condition ratings and proposed credits.

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Identification

AIIStar Ecology is a one stop company for benthic macroinvertebrate sampling, processing, and identification. With experienced biologists and a Society for Freshwater Science genus certified taxonomist on staff, we can provide all or any of these services as required. Our lab has experience working with private industry, university researchers, and non-profit organizations utilizing various protocols.

Water Management

Utilizing the latest in cellular and satellite telemetry, we are able to instrument remote watersheds and provide real-time streamflow data for the development of stage/discharge rating curves.

Water Management Plan Development

WVDEP water withdrawal limits for ungauged watersheds are based on adjacent, gauged watersheds and include a margin of safety that frequently results in withdrawal allowances below what the stream can support. AIIStar can establish real-time gauges that can be used to refine withdrawal amounts, frequently resulting in increased water yield. No location is too remote for our combination of satellite and cellular telemetry devices.

Water Withdrawal Monitoring

USFWS requirements for threatened and endangered freshwater mussel streams may include environmental parameter monitoring beyond the scope of a typical water withdrawal installation. AIIStar has the necessary equipment and experience to not only design and implement environmental monitoring plans, but also to process, package, and analyze data in a way that meets both industry and regulatory needs.

Mussel Bed Monitoring and T&E Species

Our staff includes experienced malacologists who have surveyed for T&E freshwater mussel species in both big river and headwater stream environments. When water withdrawals require mussel habitat identification and monitoring, AIIStar provides comprehensive solutions that include data collection and reporting, as well as agency correspondence and compliance.


AIIStar carries the latest in cellular/satellite telemetry devices, and dissolved oxygen, temperature, and water level data loggers, ensuring the integrity and reliability of data collection. Our equipment rental rates are well below the industry standard, and our in-house specialties in ArcGIS, stream morphology, and flow monitoring ensure thorough and accurate data collection.

Environmental Scientist II / Stream Assessment Specialist
Brian R. Carlson, 
Environmental Scientist II / Stream Assessment Specialist

Brian Carlson is an Environmental Scientist for AllStar Ecology specializing in stream ecosystems.  Mr. Carlson is a genus level macroinvertebrate certified taxonomist through the Society for Freshwater Science. 

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He has used his expertise in benthic macroinvertebrate sampling and taxonomy to help complete biological assessment reports for the US Environmental Protection Agency and Office of Surface Mining as well as watershed nonprofit groups. He has experience collecting, analyzing, and reporting environmental data to state and federal agencies such as the Department of Interior and the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection. Fieldwork experience also includes conducting water chemistry and bacteria monitoring, stream habitat assessments, and fish assemblage surveys throughout West Virginia.


Stream Restoration Monitoring

AllStar performed long term fish assemblage, habitat, water chemistry, and benthic macroinvertebrate community assessments for a large-scale stream restoration project in West Virginia. In only two years, AllStar biologists collected and identified over 3,700 stream fishes and identified over 45 genera of benthic macroinvertebrates. Utilizing state, regional, and national assessment tools and resources, AllStar continues to evaluate stream condition and the benefit of stream restoration projects throughout the Appalachian region.

Water Withdrawal Monitoring on Mussel Streams

Water withdrawals on creeks that support freshwater mussel populations, such as the South Fork of the Hughes River, must be calibrated to not adversely affect habitat through low water levels.  By collecting and analyzing hydrometric and environmental data, AllStar was able to ensure the biologic integrity of the stream below the withdrawal.

NPDES and 404 Bio-monitoring

Annually, AllStar manages numerous NPDES and 404 biomonitoring projects. To date, AllStar has started and completed 15 permit specific projects for operations in the Potomac Highlands, Mountain Lakes, Eastern Panhandle, and Mountaineer Country regions of West Virginia, as well as the Appalachian Plateau of Ohio. AllStar’s success is due to knowledge of permit requirements, extensive experience in state specific field and laboratory methods, and a timely product turnaround.


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